EAST AFRICAN REGIONAL ANALYSIS OF YOUTH DEMOGRAPHICS

Executive Summary

According to the United Nations (UN) projections, the world’s population will reach 10 billion by 2055 and more than 95% of this growth will happen in low and middle – income countries. Of the 2.45 billion people expected to be added to the global population between 2017 and 2055, more than 1.4 billion (57%) will be added in Africa. Decades of very high fertility in Africa, coupled with rapidly declining child mortality have created a population age-structure dominated by young people under the age of 25. The demographics of the East African Community (EAC), particularly those of Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, mirror those of Africa. Around 20% of the 127 million people in these four countries are between the ages of 15 and 24, and can be labelled as “youth” according to the United Nations definition. In the last population and housing censuses in the four countries conducted between 2009 and 2014, about 40% of the Rwandese population were children below the age of 15, and the corresponding percentages were 43% in Kenya, 45% in Tanzania, and 52% in Uganda. Such youthful population, if healthy, skilled, and gainfully employed, can be a catalyst for accelerated social and economic development. When the ratio of the working-age population to dependents increases, a window of opportunity opens for accelerated economic growth, a phenomenon called the demographic dividend (DD).

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Creating access to sexual and reproductive health service

Empowering young women in Burundi to avoid early pregnancy

Many mothers in Burundi are nursing their first child when they are still adolescents. That this is very common doesn’t mean it is what the girls want. Early childbearing often has devastating effects on the girls’ lives. The young mothers often drop out of school and are abandoned by their families, which makes escaping poverty even more unlikely. Maternal mortality, moreover, is the number one cause of death for young women in Sub-Saharan Africa – and Burundi is no exception.

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COLLABORATION REACTIVE ENTRE LES ACTEURS DANS LA PROMOTION DE LA SANTE SEXUELLE ET REPRODUCTIVE DES ADOLESCENTS ET DES JEUNES: CAS DE LA PROVINCE BUBANZA

III.1 CONTEXTE DE L’ETUDE

Dans le monde, les jeunes et les adolescents âgés de 10 à 24 ans rencontrent En matière de santé de la reproduction, une naissance sur dix, provient d’une mère adolescente. Sur 14 millions de naissance enregistrées chaque année dans le monde chez les adolescents et les jeunes, 4,5 millions sont survenues en Afrique au Sud du Sahara.

Le Burundi est un pays ayant une structure démographique qui est majoritairement jeune. Selon le recensement général de la population et de l’Habitat de 2008 (RGPH), la population burundaise s’élève à 8.054.574 habitants. Les jeunes de moins de 25 ans représentent 5.288.473 soit 65,7 % de la population totale et les jeunes de 10 à 24 ans représentent 2.731.446 soit 33,9% de la population totale tandis que les jeunes de 15 à 24 ans représentent 1.739.321 soit 21,6% de la population totale. Cette frange de la population qui déterminera le devenir du Burundi, qu’il s’agisse de développement durable, de la sécurité nationale et de bien d’autres questions toutes aussi importantes, est aussi un des groupes les plus exposés à l’infection du VIH/SIDA, aux grossesses non désirées, aux avortements clandestins, à la drogue et à la violence. Les indicateurs sont alarmants.

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